1. It is highlighted that the strategic location of the GCC and Middle East enables Regional Interconnections to connect Asia, Africa and Europe which will facilitate the integration of large-scale clean energy and maximize the benefit of sharing all energy resources.
2. The establishment of Ancillary Services market in the GCC Electricity Market is recommended to increase the reliability of the Power System providing operating flexibility in a competitive manner.
3. The important role of the GCCIA as a Market Operator is emphasized to harmonize the regional market integration while considering the challenges in market integration across the GCC.
4. The GCC Integrated market is a necessary platform to provide opportunities to commercialize the energy surplus resulting from large levels of renewable energy resources, in light of GCC countries ambitious Renewable Energy targets.
5. It is recommended that GCC utilities consider adopting an Integrated Planning Process under the scenario of high RES deployment to ensure optimum generation mix, achieve reliable resource adequacy, and ensure network adequacy & flexibility.
6. It is emphasized that GCC countries need to set up relevant policies & strategies concerning the deployments of energy storage and Interconnection capacities in order to aim for targets of 100% RES deployments. Additionally, extended studies are to be performed to assess system security and reliability impact with such large scale deployment.
7. It is highlighted that the implementation of Data Base Digital Solutions to Asset Management in the GCC utilities will facilitate taking suitable short-term and long-term decisions for power system Assets.
8. Automation is playing a major role in development of substation design, therefore it is important to consider an optimized usage of IEC 61850 Generic Object Oriented Substation Event (GOOSE) and Sampled Values (SV) signals between substations for distance and differential protection applications which can lead to more reliable and cost effective protection schemes.
9. It is recommended to employ Remote Inspection Technologies and Artificial Intelligence Diagnosis Technique to enhance substation operation and maintenance in order to increase the reliability and reduce the cost of maintenance.
10. It is highlighted that 5G wide-area communication network has the potential to act as key enabler for future smart grid applications, where next generation of power protection schemes can leverage the use of 5G to become more efficient, faster, and less expensive.